Charles&Ray Eames

Charles Eames1907年生于密苏里州圣路易斯市,在圣路易斯的华盛顿大学学习建筑学,并与不同的伙伴合作设计了许多房屋和教堂。他的作品引起了Eliel Saarinen的注意,他于1938年在密歇根州的克兰布鲁克艺术学院为他提供了奖学金。1940年,在纽约现代艺术博物馆(MoMA)举办的“21个美国共和国工业设计竞赛”中,他Eero Saarinen获得了“工业设计竞赛”的一等奖。同年,Eames被任命为克兰布鲁克工业设计部门的负责人。

Charles Eames, born 1907 in St. Louis, Missouri, studied architecture at Washington University in St. Louis and designed a number of houses and churches in collaboration with various partners. His work caught the attention of Eliel Saarinen, who offered him a fellowship at the Cranbrook Academy of Art in Michigan in 1938. In 1940, he and Eero Saarinen won first prize in the 'Industrial Design Competition for the 21 American Republics' - also known as 'Organic Design in Home Furnishings' – organised by the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York. Eames was appointed head of the industrial design department at Cranbrook the same year.

Ray Eames1912年出生在加州萨克拉门托的伯尼斯·亚历山德拉·凯泽。她就读于纽约米尔布鲁克的贝内特学院(Bennett College),并继续在汉斯霍夫曼美术学院(Hans Hofmann School of Fine Arts)绘画,直到1937年。在这一年里,她在纽约河畔博物馆的美国抽象艺术家小组第一次展览中展出了她的作品。她于1940年在克兰布鲁克艺术学院入学。

Ray Eames was born as Bernice Alexandra Kaiser in Sacramento, California, in 1912. She attended Bennett College in Millbrook, New York, and continued her studies in painting at the Hans Hofmann School of Fine Arts until 1937. During this year she exhibited her work in the first exhibition of the American Abstract Artists group at the Riverside Museum in New York. She matriculated at the Cranbrook Academy of Art in 1940.

两人1941年结婚,搬到了洛杉矶,他们一起开始试验胶合板三维成型的技术。其目的是创造出舒适的椅子,让人买得起。然而,战争打断了他们的工作,Charles和Ray转而设计和开发了夹板,这些夹板是为美国海军大批量生产的。1946年,他们在MoMA展出了他们的实验家具设计。位于密歇根州泽兰的Herman Miller公司随后开始生产Eames家具。查尔斯和雷参加了在MoMA举办的1948年“低成本家具”比赛,他们在1949年建造了Eames House作为自己的私人住宅。除了在家具设计和建筑方面的工作外,他们还经常将手伸向平面设计、摄影、电影和展览设计。

Charles and Ray Eames married in 1941 and moved to Los Angeles, where together they began experimenting with techniques for the three-dimensional moulding of plywood. The aim was to create comfortable chairs that were affordable. However, the war interrupted their work, and Charles and Ray turned instead to the design and development of leg splints made of plywood, which were manufactured in large quantities for the US Navy. In 1946, they exhibited their experimental furniture designs at MoMA. The Herman Miller Company in Zeeland, Michigan, subsequently began to produce Eames furniture. Charles and Ray participated in the 1948 'Low-Cost Furniture' competition at MoMA, and they built the Eames House in 1949 as their own private residence. In addition to their work in furniture design and architecture, they also regularly turned their hand to graphic design, photography, film and exhibition design.